Pastoralism is found throughout areas of rural Somalia but predominantly in the arid lands of northern and central Somalia. The livestock sector is the largest contributor to Somali livelihoods with more than 60% of the population being pastoralists. Despite periodic interruptions of export due to droughts and international bans related to livestock diseases, livestock exports continue to be the largest traded commodity for Somalia.
Agro-pastoralism is an integrated agriculture and livestock based livelihood. Agriculture is also an important livelihood activity in Somalia not only in terms of meeting the food needs of the population but also in terms of generating income through crop sales and agricultural labour opportunities. Agro-pastoralists are found in the inter-riverine regions of Bay, Bakool, Western Hiraan, Eastern Gedo, Lower Shabelle and lower Juba in Southern Somalia, in parts of Awdal and Western Galbeed in the northwest, and in smaller numbers in other areas.
Peri-urban households are a particularly vulnerable substrata of the urban population concentrated around large towns. Peri-urban populations tend to comprise people displaced recently or in past years from pastoral/agro-pastoral livelihoods due to drought, floods, conflict, or a reduction of productive assets. This has an enormous impact on the host community, service provision, availability and affordability of goods and services, and on labour markets.
Provision of agricultural input which includes tractor hours, seeds and fertilizers aims to restore crop production capacity and improve household food and nutrition security by increasing access to quality agricultural while allowing vulnerable households to meet their immediate food needs in Somalia. SomReP is also working with other organizations such as FAO in agricultural inputs distribution project
SomReP aims to promote Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) approaches through training, awareness raising, equipment provision, and developing learning cooperatives to trial and share experience of new approaches.
The programme aims at increasing the percentage of target population with improved access to water. This is for irrigation, domestic use and livestock especially during the long, dry jilaal season which is usually the most difficult time for pastoralists and their animals, when energy needs are high during the search for water and pasture.
VSLA initiative is designed to meet the economic needs of vulnerable women. The women come together and form groups in which they make regular financial contributions and are able to take loans when required. Under the program, the women receive business start-up grant and training in courses such as book keeping, management, and entrepreneurship.
Cash Transfer Programmes are the use of cash or vouchers as a means of enabling households to have access to their basic needs for food and non-food items or services, or to buy assets essential for recovery. SomReP cash transfer programmes include cash for work, where beneficiaries are engaged in activities and paid for the hours worked or unconditional cash transfer during emergency response and recovery programming.
Somalia’s education sector has been paralyzed by protracted war and lawlessness. This has led to minimal investment by the government and local authorities in the education sector. Young people have been one of the worst-afflicted groups to suffer inter-generational historical exclusion in Somalia. SomReP is engaged in provision of Technical and Vocational Education Training which offers youth and marginalized adults basic skills in occupational proficiency needs.
The locations where SomReP program implementation takes place fall within current operational areas of consortium members to achieve complementarity and leverage existing knowledge and relationships with communities.
Program locations cover a wide geographic scope, including areas of South Central Somalia, Somaliland and Puntland. The programme districts are selected based on the following criteria:
The criteria selected by the SomReP consortium for prioritizing areas of implementation will ensure that agencies can monitor activities and assure accountability, monitoring and evaluation.
Within the identified districts, villages are selected. The village-cluster approach is used in implementation, with programme activities launching in one or two start-up villages and from there expanding a few months later to surrounding villages. The approach allows the programme to better manage the guidance, coordination and supervision of the programme activities.